Skip to Main Content
SMU Libraries

How do I use APA Citation Style

A guide with examples for references and in-text citation

Primary Sources

Primary sources are no different to cite than other types of materials.  A basic citation contains four components:

  • Author/creator
  • Date
  • Title
  • Publication information - Remember that the publication information is what varies among different types of resources. For most primary sources, you will be most interested in the Repository, Museum or Owner, along with the Name of the collection.

Here are a few examples of primary source references and in-text citations.  However, as with all references, the reference itself will depend on the type of resources, and the information available about that resource. To learn more about citing archival material, visit the APA Style Blog.

Primary Source References

The use of electronic resources must comply with the Appropriate Use of Electronic Resources Policy and Singapore Management University Acceptable Use Policy