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How do I use APA Citation Style

A guide with examples for references and in-text citation


The APA Citation Style is a commonly used format for citations and references for assignments and articles, especially in psychology and the social sciences.

In-text citations are inserted into the body of the article to indicate the source of the quote, idea or information used.

References are listed at the end of the article (in alphabetical order by author) and give the necessary details to identify and retrieve the sources used.

In this guide, examples are given for in-text citations and references for books, chapters in books, journal articles, magazine articles, newspaper articles, websites, social media and more.  All examples in this guide are using APA Citation Style (7th) edition If you need help with the 6th edition, please visit Purdue OWL (6th edition)

If you have any further queries, please email

APA Formatting and Style guides

The use of electronic resources must comply with the Appropriate Use of Electronic Resources Policy and Singapore Management University Acceptable Use Policy