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Fake vs. Real: Identifying & Evaluating Information Sources: Home

This guide provides you with resources to help you differentiate between fake news and genuine sources of news and information.

Fake vs Real News: The Truth is Out There

This research guide was created to help you distinguish between real and fake news articles when searching for information. A series of guidelines and resources are also provided to help you in evaluating your information sources. Scholarly articles are also not immune to the fake syndrome and this guide identifies characteristics to look for when trying to identify peer reviewed scholarly articles. 

This guide was created by Sumita Govindan.

What is Fake News?

What is Fake News?

The Collins English Dictionary defines fake news as "false, often sensational, information disseminated under the guise of news reporting". The term fake news is not a new term but it gained traction during the 2016 U.S General Elections. It is important to note that fake news is not news you disagree with, it is not news at all. It is content generated by non-news organisations to drive eyeballs to ads (e.g. clickbait) or to spread false information (rumours, conspiracy theories, junk science, and propaganda, for example). 

From Alternative Facts to Urban Legends

This guide provides you with a glossary of all the new and not so new terms and their definitions associated with fake news.

The A-Z of Fake News - All the terms you need to know

Study: Most Students Cannot Distinguish Fake and Real News

How to Fact Check Fake News Sites

How to Spot a Fake News Article

10 Questions to Ask Yourself

  1. Is the article missing citations, references or links?
  2. Is the author's name missing?
  3. If the author's name is listed, are they a trustworthy individual?
  4. What can you find in the "About Us" section of the website?
  5. Are there spelling or grammatical errors found in the text?
  6. Are there any direct quotes that are incorrectly used or taken out of context?
  7. Can you find a similar article on the internet?
  8. Does the article only showcase only one side of an argument? 
  9. Does the headline not match the content of the article?
  10. Is the story completely outrageous? 


Fact Checking Images

Other than textual information, images are another form of information that we frequently come into contact. How do you know whether the image that you are seeing is authentic? How can you tell if an image has been miscaptioned or used deceptively?

The use of electronic resources must comply with the Appropriate Use of Electronic Resources Policy and Singapore Management University Acceptable Use Policy