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Fake vs. Real: Identifying & Evaluating Information Sources: Evaluating Sources

This guide provides you with resources to help you differentiate between fake news and genuine sources of news and information.

Evaluating Information

It is crucial to evaluate and verify your sources before sharing them, using them in your assignments or projects or communicating them to others.

S.I.F.T. is one of the methods that can help you evaluate information, especially news or other online media.  

  • Stop 

  • Investigate the source 

  • Find better coverage 

  • Trace claims, quotes and media to the original context 

Find out more about SIFT and an alternative method, SURE.


Know the Difference

Know the difference between Misinformation, Disinformation and Propaganda




noun: misinformation

​Misinformation is information that is false, but the person who is disseminating it believes that it is true. It is unintentionally false. 


disinformation, false information, misleading information, deception;





noun: disinformation

Disinformation is information that is false, and the person who is disseminating it knows it is false. It is a deliberate, intentional lie. 

"the entire Western intelligence system had been systematically manipulated with clever disinformation"





noun: propaganda

information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote a political cause or point of view.

"he was charged with distributing enemy propaganda"


information, promotion, advertising, advertisement, publicity, advocacy;

The use of electronic resources must comply with the Appropriate Use of Electronic Resources Policy and Singapore Management University Acceptable Use Policy