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SMU Libraries

Image and Video Resources

Copyright is an intellectual property right recognized and protected by law. In Singapore this is essentially covered under the Copyright Act (Cap. 63). Copyright exists in all forms of works, such as books, periodicals, magazines, compilations of information, photographs, manuscripts, computer programs, drawings, sculpture, music scores, lyrics, sound recordings, films, television broadcasts, cable programmes etc. Read more about the Singapore Copyright Act here and note the exceptions on Fair Dealing and Education, which allow for copying within the stipulated limits. The Act is currently being reviewed by Ministry of Law.

Scroll down to learn more about:

  • Public Domain
  • Fair Dealings
  • Creative Commons

What is Public Domain?

Works that are in the public domain are not protected by copyright because:

  1. The author dedicated them to public use;
  2. The copyright term has expired without renewal;
  3. The work is of a type that does not qualify for copyright protection.

Works in the public domain may be used without any limitations.

What is Fair Dealing?

The Singapore Copyright Act allows you to use copyright material without permission if your use is a "fair dealing" for one of the following purposes:

  • Research or study
  • Criticism or review
  • Parody or satire
  • Reporting news

For use that falls outside of the "fair dealing" exception, permission or an appropriate license should be obtained from copyright owners or collecting societies.

To learn more, visit the SMU Libraries Infosheet 1: Fair Dealing

What is Creative Commons?

Creative Commons (CC) is a not for profit organization that helps the public to share creative content by providing free licenses and tools to content creators. CC content (including images, music and artwork) may be shared and reused according to the CC license applied.

The use of electronic resources must comply with the Appropriate Use of Electronic Resources Policy and Singapore Management University Acceptable Use Policy