. Strictly speaking, peer-reviewed (also called refereed) journals refer only to those scholarly journals that submit articles to several other scholars, experts, or academics (peers) in the field for review and comment. These reviewers must agree that the article represents properly conducted original research or writing before it can be published.
5 Key Characteristics:
1) Author(s) with credentials (e.g. PhD) and/or affiliations (e.g. university professor)
2) A specific focus on contributing new, original research in a narrow area of the subject (often indicated through a long title)
3) Technical and formal language with complex ideas and arguments, an objective tone, and an analytical perspective
4) Lengthy (at least 5 pages of text) with many references, footnotes and/or endnotes
5) Plain appearance with very minimal use of colour, graphics and/or images
Additional "Clues" (typical but not necessary):
Use these databases when looking for news and media and communication related articles.