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Li Ka Shing Library

Pro Bono Resources: Noting Up

How do I note up Singapore case?


There are two ways you can do this.

Option 1

Launch LawNet

Once you have located a particular case.

Look above the case name at the top of the window to see the case treatment. 

Scroll down to 'Case References' on the left bar and click on 'View All' to retrieve the list of subsequent cases referring to the case and how it was treated. 


A list of subsequent 'Case(s) Referring' to the original case will be displayed.


Option 2

Alternatively, you can do a ‘Reference Trace’ search.

Select the ‘Legal Research’ menu tab > 'Reference Trace' > Select 'Case Reference Search'.

Key in the citation "[2004] 3 SLR(R) 543". Use the filter and dropdown menu to select the specific kind of treatment, for example, (folld) or (distd).

Click on the ‘Search’ button.

The search results generated will give you a list of subsequent cases that have referred to the initial case and how the case was treated.


Figure 1. Terms used to annotate cases in the Singapore Law Reports and the Malayan Law Journal.


(Image: Inside any volume of the Singapore Law Reports)

If you need further assistance, email

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