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Li Ka Shing Library

Corporate Crime: Terms & Connectors (Boolean)

Guide to legal research on corporate crime


Database Boolean sheets

Online research & using boolean

Additional reading:

Online Tutorial

Want to practice your boolean?  Try the CALI online tutorial - Introduction to Search Logic and Strategies by Sarah E. Gotschall

Many of you should already have an account with CALI as you had to do the online tutorial during the Legal Research and Writing course in Year 1.  If you don't have an account, just follow the instructions below to register for a free account.

To register go to and click on the "Create new account?" Complete the registration form.  You will need the authorization code*

Once you have completed the registration process, you will be logged on and will be able to run any of the lessons. This authorization code is used only once. On subsequent visits to the website you will log on by entering the   username you gave yourself during the registration process and the password you created when you registered.

To locate the required lesson, enter the title of the lesson into the search box found near the top right corner of the screen.

* To receive the authorization code, please send an email to for assistance.

Boolean, Phrase Search and Truncation

Use Boolean  [AND]

E.g. narcotic & warrant

Use Boolean [OR]

E.g. lawyer OR counsel OR attorney

Use Phrase  [“  ”] double inverted commas

E.g. "tax deduction"

Use Truncation [* or ! or $ check database or search engine]

E.g. ident* retrieves: identity; identities;  identify etc.

Use Proximity Operator [ w/s or w/p or w/n]

E.g.circumstances W/s mitigation

The use of electronic resources must comply with the Appropriate Use of Electronic Resources Policy and Singapore Management University Acceptable Use Policy